Xpand supports SSL and authentication with the sha256_password plugin.
Some security regulations require stronger protection of user passwords stored in the database. The sha256_password plugin provides a more secure method of storing user password credentials in Xpand as compared to the default mysql_native_password plugin. When a user account is configured to use the sha256_password plugin, that user must then always connect using an SSL protected connection.
The instructions below provide steps for configuring Xpand for SSL encrypted connections, and also configure Xpand user accounts to use SHA256 password security along with SSL encrypted connections. To use this feature, use the instructions below to generate certificates and keys, copy them to all nodes, configure the database and users to use SSL when applicable (requires a mysql client 5.6.38 or higher).
NOTE: You can use these instructions to generate the certs and keys for the nodes and clients, but the /etc/my.cnf directives for the server do not apply and you must use the Xpand-specific instructions below to bind the server keys and certs.
To configure Xpand to use encrypted connections: Create keys and certificates (using your choice of method) and copy them as the root user to every node: On each node, transfer ownership of those files to the xpand user: Certificates and keys must be in the same location on every node. Configure Xpand to use these certificates, keys, and SSL: ALTER CLUSTER RELOAD SSL validates the location of the certificates and keys. If this command fails, the clustrix.log may include more detail.
shell> scp server-cert.pem [email protected]:/data/clustrix
shell> scp server-key.pem [email protected]:/data/clustrix
shell> sudo chown xpand server-*.pem
sql> SET GLOBAL ssl_cert = '/data/clustrix/server-cert.pem';
sql> SET GLOBAL ssl_key = '/data/clustrix/server-key.pem'; sql> ALTER CLUSTER RELOAD SSL;
sql> SET GLOBAL ssl_enabled = TRUE;
Create keys and certificates (using your choice of method) and copy them as the root user to every node:
On each node, transfer ownership of those files to the xpand user:
Certificates and keys must be in the same location on every node.
Configure Xpand to use these certificates, keys, and SSL:
ALTER CLUSTER RELOAD SSL validates the location of the certificates and keys. If this command fails, the clustrix.log may include more detail.
The MariaDB client SSL parameters can be defined in /etc/my.cnf.d/client.cnf or on the command line.
Sample entry in /etc/my.cnf.d/client.cnf
Command-line example of specifying the cert and key:
shell> mysql --ssl-cert=/user/.ssh/client-cert.pem --ssl-key=/user/.ssh/client-key.pem -u username -h hostname -p
The MySQL client version must be 5.6.38, 5.7 or higher client.
If you are using the mysql 5.6.38 client, you must specify the cipher type:
shell> mysql --ssl-cipher=AES256-SHA -u username -h hostname -p
If you are using the mysql 5.7 client, there are no special options required:
shell> mysql username -h hostname -p
The output of \s will show whether TLS is enabled:
and show as part of the output the type of encryption in use:
Cipher in use is AES256-SHA
This query will show the type of encryption used for all sessions:
sql> select * from system.sessions;
Create a new user using sha256_password authentication:
sql> CREATE USER 'seymour2'@'%' IDENTIFIED WITH sha256_password BY 'foo';
Certificates and keys must exist on all nodes and be owned by the clxd user
Xpand does not support configuration a default authentication plugin other than mysql_native_password
Xpand does not support RSA password encryption
Using encrypted connections have a performance overhead