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Xpand supports storing fractional second precision for  TIMESTAMP, DATETIME, and TIME with up to microsecond (6 digit) precision. Xpand closely matches MySQL except for the following caveats.

Caveats for DATE/TIME

As with MySQL, Xpand will interpret input values supplied to DATE and TIME functions and convert them to a standard format. However, unpredictable results may occur if values are provided in other formats.

Xpand matches MySQL with the exception of:

  • Xpand does not support casting a TIME to a DATETIME and returns NULL.

  • Xpand does not support casting a TIME to a DATE or a DATE to a TIME.

  • When converting from a DATETIME to a DATE, Xpand will discard the the time portion. MySQL will take fractional seconds into account and round the time part.

  • Casting negative value to DATETIME will return a zero date. MySQL returns NULL.

  • When the input to LAST_DAY is a DATETIME, MySQL will round to the nearest DATE before computing LAST_DAY where Xpand does not. For example, LAST_DAY('2013-01-31 23:59:59.999999') returns ‘2017-01-31’ on Xpand and ‘2017-02-01’ on MySQL.

  • If an invalid format string is supplied to STR_TO_DATE, Xpand will return NULL. MySQL ignores extra characters at the end of format string.

  • The results when using the EXTRACT with compound units (e.g. DAY_SECOND, DAY_MICROSECOND) may exclude some of the requested units or return incorrect results.

  • Output from datetime functions (e.g. NOW(), INTERVAL() FROM_UNIXTIME(),  SUBTIME()) display microsecond precision by default.

  • UNIX_TIMESTAMP() and FROM_UNIXTIME do not support input with fractional seconds. 

  • Fractional seconds cannot be replicated safely from Xpand to MariaDB. 

Xpand recommends using RBR replication when utilizing fractional seconds.


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